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Identification and management of chronic shoulder pain in the presence of an MRA-confirmed humeral avulsion of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion

June 10, 2016

Objective: To present the assessment and conservative management of chronic shoulder pain in the presence of a humeral avulsion of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion in an active individual. Clinical Features: A 47 year-old female officeworker with constant, deep, right shoulder pain with occasional clicking and catching claimed to have “tore something” in her right shoulder five years ago while performing

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Anatomical and functional perspectives of the cervical spine: Part III: the “unstable” cervical spine

August 12, 2014

In this, the last of the three part series on the anatomical and functional perspectives of the cervical spine, the clinical entity-instability- is addressed. A summative definition of instability, addressing both the clinical and radiographic issues, is presented based on current available literature. The etiology of instability is discussed as it pertains to three possible

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Unstable os odontoideum in young children

July 14, 2014

Os odontoideum is a rare anomaly of the odontoid process. When unstable, it can be a source of neck pain that can result in serious neurological injury. In young children, the presence of a transverse lucency at the base of the dens represents the normal developing growth plate. However, os odontoideum should be considered in

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