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Is “fear of passive movement” a distinctive component of the Fear-Avoidance Model in whiplash?

August 31, 2015

Objectives: Modify the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia(TSK) for ‘fear of passive motion’ beliefs. Methods: With permission, a 14-item modification, the TSK-PM (passive movement), was created. Test-retest reliability was tested first. Construct validity was tested in chronic whiplash patients by comparing the TSKPM with the TSK, the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and cervical ranges of motion.

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The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia and neck pain, disability and range of motion: a narrative review of the literature

June 06, 2014

Background: The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) that was developed in 1990 is a 17 item scale originally developed to measure the fear of movement related to chronic lower back pain. Objective: To review the literature regarding TSK and neck pain, perceived disability and range of motion of the cervical spine. Methods: Medline, MANTIS, Index

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