Is “fear of passive movement” a distinctive component of the Fear-Avoidance Model in whiplash?
August 31, 2015
Objectives: Modify the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia(TSK) for ‘fear of passive motion’ beliefs. Methods: With permission, a 14-item modification, the TSK-PM (passive movement), was created. Test-retest reliability was tested first. Construct validity was tested in chronic whiplash patients by comparing the TSKPM with the TSK, the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and cervical ranges of motion.