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Whiplash

Is “fear of passive movement” a distinctive component of the Fear-Avoidance Model in whiplash?

August 31, 2015

Objectives: Modify the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia(TSK) for ‘fear of passive motion’ beliefs. Methods: With permission, a 14-item modification, the TSK-PM (passive movement), was created. Test-retest reliability was tested first. Construct validity was tested in chronic whiplash patients by comparing the TSKPM with the TSK, the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and cervical ranges of motion.

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Whiplash: a selective annotated bibliography

July 08, 2014

Objective: to review the literature on whiplash injury including an overview, collision mechanics, pathophysiology, neurobehavioral, imaging, treatment/management, prognosis, outcomes, and litigation. Design: an annotated bibliography. Methods: a literature search of MEDLINE from 1987 to 1995 and CHIROLARS from 1900 to 1996, with emphasis on the last ten years, was performed. Conference proceedings and the personal

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The association between neck pain, the Neck Disability Index and cervical ranges of motion: a narrative review

June 06, 2014

Background: The Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Cervical Ranges of Motion (CROM) are measurement tools that are used for neck pain patients. Objective: To review the literature to determine how the NDI is associated with neck pain and CROM outcomes. Methods: Computer based searches of 5 databases were performed and supplemented by internet and hand

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Baseline knowledge on vehicle safety and head restraints among Fleet Managers in British Columbia Canada: a pilot study

June 06, 2014

Background: Whiplash is the most common injury type arising from motor vehicle collisions, often leading to long-term suffering and disability. Prevention of such injuries is possible through the use of appropriate, correctly positioned, vehicular head restraints. Objective: To survey the awareness and knowledge level of vehicle fleet managers in the province of British Columbia, Canada,

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Whiplash evokes descending muscle recruitment and sympathetic responses characteristic of startle

May 21, 2014

Whiplash injuries are the most common injuries following rear-end collisions. During a rear-end collision, the human muscle response consists of both a postural and a startle response that may exacerbate injury. However, most previous studies only assessed the presence of startle using data collected from the neck muscles and head/neck kinematics. The startle response also

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